These are the rules of how to play the Cardfight!! Vanguard trading card game.
- 1 What You Need
- 2 Deck Construction
- 3 Game Concepts
- 4 Reading the Card Layout
- 5 Zones of the Game
- 6 Winning and Losing Conditions
- 7 Starting the Fight
- 8 Turn Phases
- 9 Card Mechanics
- 10 Comprehensive Rules
What You Need
Cardfight!! Vanguard is a trading card game for two players. In order to play, each player must have their own deck of Cardfight!! Vanguard cards. Players must also have enough space between them to lay out their cards (such as a tabletop).
A Cardfight!! Vanguard deck includes a main deck and, optionally, a G deck. Players may use a pre-constructed trial deck or may construct their own deck using cards from their collection. The following rules apply when constructing a deck:
- For each card name, a player may only include up to four cards with that name in their main deck, and up to four cards with that name in their G deck, even if their abilities or other characteristics are different.
- Card abilities that apply during deck construction (e.g. Sentinel) can modify or add to the rules below.
- Must contain exactly 50 cards (including your chosen first vanguard).
- Must contain exactly 16 trigger units.
- May only contain up to 4 trigger units with [Heal] , regardless of their card names.
- If you use card sleeves, all 50 main deck cards must have identical sleeves, including your first vanguard.
- May contain up to 16 cards.
- May only contain cards that are G units.
- If you use card sleeves, the sleeves for cards in your G deck do not have to match each other and they may be different from the sleeves used for your main deck.
Players must also respect the following sets of regulations while constructing their deck. There are several options under each of the following categories, but both players' decks must adhere to the same sets of regulations in order for them to be used against each other:
- If a card's text contradicts the rules, the card's text takes precedence.
- A card in play can be in either [Stand] state or [Rest] state. A card is placed vertically to indicate [Stand] and is rotated 90 degrees to indicate [Rest] .
- If a player performs a rule action (playing a card, attacking, activating an ability, etc.), they must fully resolve all effects that resulted from that action before performing another rule action or moving on to the next step or phase of the game.
- If multiple effects or actions are to be performed at once, the player whose turn it is chooses the order they will be resolved in, and resolves them one by one.
Reading the Card Layout
There are several relevant properties printed on a card that concern gameplay. These are collectively known as the "original characteristics" of the card.
- Card name: The name of the character or object that the card represents. In card text, card names appear within "" quote marks. Cards printed in Japanese may have small characters called furigana printed above the characters in the card's name; these are a pronunciation guide to help players read the name correctly, and are not considered a part of the card name and have no effect on gameplay.
- Clan: The name of the clan that the character or object represented by the card belongs to. In card text, the name of a clan appears within "《》" brackets in Japanese and "«»" brackets in English. If a card has a nation name listed instead of a clan name, it is considered to belong to all clans of that nation.
- Race: The race of the character represented by the card. In card text, the name of a race appears within "<>" brackets.
- Grade: This is a numeric value that indicates how powerful the card is and is the main limitation on the stage of the game in which the card can be played. A card's grade can be from 0 to 5, with higher grade cards being more powerful than lower grade cards.
- Power : The numeric value that expresses the combat strength of a unit.
- Shield : The numeric value that expresses the strength of a unit when used for defense.
- Critical : The numeric value that determines how much damage a unit deals in combat.
- Trigger icon: This icon represents an effect that activates when that card with the icon is revealed for a trigger check.
- Card type: The type of the card. This is mainly important during deck construction.
- Skill icon: This represents an ability that a card has based on its grade. The icons are: "Boost" , "Intercept" , "Twin Drive!!" , and "Triple Drive!!!" .
- Text Frame: This is where the card's abilities are printed. The contents of the text frame are referred to as the card's "text." A summary is given here, but for more information, see Unit Abilities.
- An ability is divided into three categories, each indicated with an abbreviation (in English) or a kanji character (in Japanese) indicating when and how the ability is used:
- Automatic (/): This ability is automatically activated when a specified event happens or a specified condition is met, and is activated once each time the event or condition occurs.
- Activated (/): You can activate this ability during your main phase (see "Main Phase," below) and as many times as you want unless otherwise specified.
- Continuous (/): This ability is continuously active for as long as its conditions are met.
- Text within "【 】" brackets indicates the zone(s) the card must be in for the ability to be active or usable.
- Text within "[ ]" brackets or labeled with a "" icon indicates a "cost" (set of one or more actions) that the player must "pay" (perform) in order to use the ability. An ability's cost is always optional, but if the player cannot or chooses not to pay the entire cost, they do not get to use the part of the ability that comes after paying the cost.
- The icon 1/Turn indicates that the ability can only be used (i.e., have its cost paid in order to use it) once per turn.
- Within an ability, there may be italic text within parentheses (like this, for example) that provides a more detailed description of a keyword or action used within the ability. This is called "reminder text," and is just for explanatory purposes and does not itself affect the game.
- Some text may be printed in a different color. Different colors of text are used to more clearly indicate additional abilities that a card may gain or lose, but the color of the text itself has no effect on gameplay.
- An ability is divided into three categories, each indicated with an abbreviation (in English) or a kanji character (in Japanese) indicating when and how the ability is used:
- Flavor: A description or quote relating to the character or object that the card represents. Flavor has no effect on gameplay.
- Art: The image of the character or object that the card represents. Art has no effect on gameplay.
- Collection Information: This is where the card's collection ID, rarity, and artist’s name can be found. The only important element in this area in terms of gameplay is whether or not the card has a icon, which determines which Fight Formats the card can be used in. Other than that, collection information has no effect on gameplay.
- Nation: An icon of the flag of the nation the card belongs to. On cards printed without a nation icon, the card's clan indicates which nation it belongs to; cards without a nation icon and which do not belong to any of the main 24 clans, nor Cray Elemental, are not considered to belong to any nation. Cards with a nation icon but without a clan listed are considered to belong to all clans of that nation.
- Imaginary Gift icon: Cards with an Imaginary Gift icon grant the player a corresponding Imaginary Gift when the player rides them (see "Ride Phase," below). They are: "Force", "Accel", "Protect".
Zones of the Game
These are the zones, or locations, where you and your opponent put your cards during the game.
A zone may be either public or hidden:
- Public: All players may view the cards in this zone at any time. Cards in this zone are placed face up, and the order of the cards does not matter.
- Hidden: Only the specified player(s) may view the cards in this zone and change their order, unless instructed by a card ability, but all players are allowed to count the number of cards. Cards in this zone are placed face down or otherwise hidden from the player(s) who are not allowed to view the cards in it.
The zones are as follows:
- "Deck" (山札 Yamafuda): This is where you put your main deck. This is a hidden zone, and the order of the cards may not be changed.
- "G Zone" (Gゾーン Jī-zōn): This is where you put your G deck. This is a hidden zone that only you can look at, and the order of the cards does not matter. During the game, cards in the G zone may be turned face up; face-up cards in the G zone are considered to be in a public zone.
- "Hand" (手札 Tefuda): This is where you put the cards that you have drawn and are available for you to use. This is a hidden zone that only you can look at, and the order of the cards does not matter.
- "Drop Zone" (ドロップゾーン Doroppuzōn): This is the Cardfight!! Vanguard term for the discard pile. This is a public zone.
- "Field" (フィールド Fīrudo): This is the main game area and is where players place their units. This is a public zone, but the position of the cards matters. Each player's field consists of two rows and three columns. The columns are divided into "left column", "middle column", and "right column", and the rows are divided into "front row" and "back row". Your opponent's columns that are directly in front of your own columns are considered to be the same column (e.g., your right column and your opponent's left column are the same column).
- "Circle" (サークル Sākuru): This is where you place your individual units that are on your field. There is a circle at each of the 6 points on a player's field where a row and column intersect, plus 1 more in front of the other circles, for a total of 7 circles: 1 vanguard circle (VC), at the intersection of the front row and the middle column; 5 rear-guard circles (RC), at all of the other row-column intersections; and 1 guardian circle (GC), in front of the vanguard circle. When cards are moved from off the field to onto a circle, they are placed on (VC) and (RC) as [Stand] and on (GC) as [Rest] , unless otherwise specified.
- A unit on a circle is also considered to be on the field that the circle belongs to.
- If multiple units are on the same circle, the units are considered to be in the same row and column.
- A circle that has a locked card on it is not regarded as any of the above types of circles, but a "locked circle".
- "Soul" (ソウル Souru): This is a pile of cards stacked underneath your vanguard. This is a public zone. Although the soul is physically located on (VC), it is not considered part of the field.
- "Damage Zone" (ダメージゾーン Damējizōn): This is where you place cards to represent the damage that your vanguard has taken. This is a public zone. During the game, cards in this zone may be turned face down - both players may look at the face-down cards, but they are not considered to have any card information and cannot be given any information. If there are six or more cards in your damage zone, you lose the game immediately.
- "Bind Zone" (バインドゾーン Baindozōn): This is where you place cards that you are instructed to bind as part of paying for costs or as the result of effects. This is a public zone. Cards in this zone are placed face up, unless the effect that caused them to enter this zone says otherwise; only the owner of face-down cards here may look at them. Cards here that are face down are not considered to have any card information and cannot be given any information.
- "Trigger Zone" (トリガーゾーン Torigāzōn): This is where you put cards revealed by a drive check or damage check (see "Drive Step" and "Damage Step," below) for the . This is a public zone. When a card is placed in this zone, if it has a trigger icon, the trigger effect immediately activates.
- "Removal Zone" (除外ゾーン Jogaizōn): This is where you put cards that have been removed from the game, such as for G Assist and Ultimate Stride. This is a public zone. Cards in this zone cannot be interacted with in any way, and are only returned to their owners' decks when the game is over.
- "Gauge Zone" (ゲージゾーン Gējizōn): This is where you put cards that are equipped due to the Equip Gauge mechanic. This is a hidden zone that only you can look at. Each card in the gauge zone is associated with a unit on the field.
- "Order Area" (オーダー領域 Ōdā Ryōiki): This is where you place order cards when they are played. This is a public zone. After resolving the effects of a played order card, put it from this zone into the drop zone.
These are additional rules that relate to zones of the game in general:
- When multiple cards change zones simultaneously, the owner of the cards chooses the order in which they are moved between the zones.
- While revealing, looking, or searching for cards in a zone, those cards are still considered to be in that zone unless the effect allowing you to do so instructs you to move the cards to another zone.
- While shuffling, even if the cards in a hidden zone would be revealed by the effect that is causing you to shuffle, the information of the cards may not be revealed or looked at until shuffling is completed.
- If a card would be moved to a zone but does not specify the owner of the zone, then the card is moved to its owner's zone.
- If a card is moved from a zone to another zone (except when moving from one circle to another) or becomes unlocked, then the card is considered to be a new card in its new zone, and all effects that were previously applied on it are no longer applied. However, if an effect moves a card between zones, that effect (and only that effect) treats the moved card as being the same card for as long as the effect lasts.
- When a unit is placed on, or is moved to, a (VC) or (RC) that already has other units on it (except by using Legion), all abilities that were activated at that point are resolved first. After that, all units that were previously on that circle:
- are put into the soul (if they were vanguards);
- are retired into the drop zone (if they were rear-guards); or
- become heart cards (if the action was done by Striding).
- When multiple cards are moved from a public zone to a hidden zone at the same time, if the owner of those cards can decide the order they are placed in the hidden zone, the owner is not required to let the opponent know the order in which they are placed.
Winning and Losing Conditions
- If a player's damage zone has six or more cards, that player loses.
- If a player's deck has no cards, that player loses.
- If a player has no vanguard, that player chooses a card from their soul, and rides it as [Stand] . However, if that player's soul has no cards they can ride, that player loses.
- A player may win or lose the game automatically as a result of a card's ability, such as "Star-vader, "Omega" Glendios".
- A player may concede the game at any time. In this case, that player loses.
- If one player loses, the game is over and the other player wins. If both players have fulfilled one or more losing conditions at the same time, the game ends as a draw.
These conditions are only checked if no abilities or rule actions are being resolved (unless the win or loss was the result of a card's ability). Therefore, if a losing condition exists during an action but no longer exists after its resolution, the game will continue.
Starting the Fight
- Each player chooses a grade 0 card from their main deck and puts it face down on their (VC). This card is known as the player's "first vanguard".
- Each player shuffles their main deck and offers it to their opponent for a cut. Then each player puts their main deck into the deck zone face down, G deck into the G zone face down, and any markers or tokens they plan to use next to the G zone.
- Use a random method to decide who will take the first turn, such as rock-paper-scissors or a coin toss; the winner of the random method must go first. The player who goes first cannot declare an attack during their first turn.
- Each player draws five cards from their deck to form their opening hand. In turn order, each player may choose any number of cards from their hand, put them on the bottom of their deck, draw the same number of cards, then shuffle their deck if they returned any cards. Both players may perform this step once each.
- When both players are ready, they simultaneously turn their first vanguards face up, and call out, "Stand Up, Vanguard!"
Both players go through each of these phases in this order during their turns, until the game is over. All effects that occur within a phase or step must be fully resolved before players may move on to the next phase or step.
1. Draw Step
Draw a card.
2. G Assist Step
- Main article: G Assist
If you do not have a unit in your hand that is one grade higher than your vanguard, you may perform G Assist. This action will help you to not miss your chance to ride to the next grade. You may perform G Assist once per turn.
1. Ride Step
During this step, you may ride a new vanguard. To do so, choose a unit from your hand whose grade is one greater than or equal to your current vanguard's grade, and place it face up on your (VC) as [Stand] . This action is called "normal ride." You may perform a normal ride once per turn.
Whenever you ride a new vanguard, your previous vanguard is moved to your soul. If you ride a unit with an Imaginary Gift icon, apply the icon's effect immediately.
2. Stride Step
- Main article: Stride
If both you and your opponent have a grade 3 or greater vanguard, or if you had a grade 3 vanguard at the start of this turn, you may release a G unit from your G zone by performing Stride. You may perform Stride once per turn.
During the main phase, you prepare for battle by calling units and using abilities. You may do the following actions in any order and as many times as you want:
- Choose a unit card from your hand whose grade is equal to or less than your vanguard's grade, and place it face up on one of your (RC) as [Stand] . This action is called "normal call."
- You may normal call a unit onto a (RC) that already has a unit on it. In that case, after resolving any effects that activated from the call, the unit that was previously on that circle is retired (put into your drop zone).
- Move one of your rear-guards between the front and back row (RC) of the same column, or exchange the places of two rear-guards on (RC) in the same column. This does not change the units' [Stand] or [Rest] state. You cannot move a rear-guard to a different column with this action.
- Use an ability of one of your cards.
- Play a normal order from your hand whose grade is equal to or less than your vanguard's grade. You may play one normal order per turn. Place the order card face up in the order area, pay its cost (if any), follow its instructions, then put it into the drop zone.
Once you are ready to attack, proceed to the battle phase.
Note: The player who goes first may not perform the battle phase on their first turn.
During your battle phase, you may attack with your [Stand] units in the front row against your opponent's units. A battle is considered a battle from the moment it begins; even if the process of the battle is cut off midway or if any of the units in the battle leave the field, it still counts as a battle having taken place and always proceeds to the close step.
1. Start Step
Choose whether to attack or not. If you choose not to attack, or if you do not have any units that can attack, proceed directly to the end phase. Otherwise continue to the attack step.
2. Attack Step
The attack step is where you choose the units that will do battle. Choose one of your [Stand] units in the front row and [Rest] it, then choose one of your opponent's units in the front row to attack. These units become the "attacking unit" and the "unit being attacked", respectively, and they become each other's "battle opponents" until the end of this battle.
If you have a [Stand] unit with the Boost skill icon in the back row of the same column as the attacking unit, you may [Rest] it to have it "boost" the attacking unit. This unit becomes a "boosting unit" and the attacking unit becomes a "boosted unit" by the boosting unit for as long as both units are present in their respective circles or until the end of this battle. For as long as the unit is a boosting unit, its [Power] is continuously added to the [Power] of the boosted unit (including if its [Power] changes during the battle due to an effect).
Some units have abilities that allow them to battle multiple units at once. In this case, all of the units specified by the ability become the "units being attacked."
3. Guard Step
The guard step is where your opponent may call guardians to defend against the attack. They may perform the following actions in any order and as many times as they want (or can be skipped, if the opponent declares something like "I don't guard"):
- Choose a unit card from their hand, and normal call it to (GC) as [Rest] . Unlike a normal call during the main phase, players may normal call a unit to (GC) regardless of its grade or the grade of their vanguard.
- Choose a rear-guard with the Intercept skill icon from their front row, other than a unit being attacked, and move it to (GC) as [Rest] (this is not considered a call). This may be done regardless of whether the rear-guard is [Stand] or [Rest] .
- Discard a card with "HEAL" (a heal trigger unit) from their hand to call a G guardian from face down in their G zone onto (GC) as [Rest] . They may only do this if both players' vanguards are grade 3 or greater and the number of face-up G guardians in their G zone is three or less.
- Play a blitz order from their hand whose grade is equal to or lower than their vanguard's grade. They may play one blitz order per turn. This follows the same procedure as playing a normal order during the main phase.
Each time your opponent calls or moves a new unit to (GC) during a battle, the unit becomes a "guardian." The opponent chooses one of their units being attacked, and the guardian will guard that unit. While the guardian is on (GC) guarding a unit, its [Shield] value is continuously added to the [Power] of the unit it is guarding. A unit with no printed [Shield] value is regarded as having [Shield] 0.
4. Drive Step
- Main article: Drive
- Main article: Trigger
If your attacking unit is a vanguard, you check for additional effects during the drive step. This is known as a "drive check." To perform a drive check, take the top card of your deck and put it into your trigger zone face up. If that card has a trigger icon and is of the same clan as a unit on your field, resolve all effects indicated by the trigger icon, in any order you like. Then, if that card is still in the trigger zone, put it into your hand, regardless of whether it has a trigger icon or not.
This process is performed as many times as your attacking unit's drive. By default, all units have drive 1, but units with the "Twin Drive!!" skill icon have drive 2 and vanguards with the "Triple Drive!!!" skill icon have drive 3. If you perform multiple drive checks, each one must be fully resolved before the next one may begin.
5. Damage Step
In the damage step, players confirm whether or not the attack hits and the damage to be dealt.
Compare the [Power] of the two battle opponents. If the attacking unit's [Power] is greater or equal, the attack hits; otherwise, it does not hit. If either of the battle opponents have left the field, changed controllers or moved to another circle, then the attack is canceled and does not hit. Regardless of the outcome of the attack, all units on (GC) are retired (put into the drop zone) before resolving the rest of the attack.
If the attack hits, one of two situations occur, depending on the unit that was hit:
- Vanguard: The attacking unit deals damage equal to its [Critical] to the attacked unit. If the attacking unit's [Critical] is 0 or less, then no damage is dealt.
- Rear-guard: The unit being attacked is retired.
If your opponent's vanguard is dealt damage by the attack, your opponent performs a "damage check." To do so, they reveal the top card of their deck and put it into their trigger zone. If that card has a trigger icon and is of the same clan as a unit on their field, they resolve all effects indicated by the trigger icon on the card, in any order they like. Then, if the card is still in the trigger zone, they put the card into their damage zone face up, regardless of whether or not a trigger effect was activated.
This process is repeated as many times as the damage dealt to the opponent's vanguard. If your opponent performs multiple damage checks, they must fully resolve each one before performing the next one. If your opponent has 6 or more cards in their damage zone, they lose the game.
Note that there are no negative consequences for you or your units if your attack does not hit. Therefore it is usually best to attack with as many units as you can each turn.
6. Close Step
The close step is where all effects that happen at the end of a battle occur. First, all "at the end of the battle" effects are resolved; then, the battle is considered to be over. Units that were designated as "attacking units", "units being attacked", and "battle opponents" during this battle are no longer treated as having any of these designations.
After this step, return back to your start step and choose whether or not to attack again. If you cannot or choose not to attack during your next start step, the battle phase is over.
The end phase is where all actions and effects that occur at the end of a turn are activated and resolved. The following actions take place in the following order:
- All G units on your (VC) and (RC) return to your G zone face up.
- All locked cards and deleted units on your field return to normal state and are turned face up.
- All abilities with "at the beginning of end phase" and "at end of turn" activate, and you resolve them in the order of your choice.
- All effects with "until end of turn" that were applied this turn cease to be applied.
At this point, declare the end of your turn. Your opponent's turn now starts, beginning with their stand phase.
For a further glossary of game terms, see: Card Mechanics.
The "Comprehensive Rules" is the official manual designed to explain and detail all of the game rules and mechanics. While it explains everything in general, clarifications on individual cards may be found in the individual cards' rulings.
- Comprehensive Rules: English Edition (March 11, 2020)
- Comprehensive Rules: Japanese Edition (January 28, 2021)